James's Today in History

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November 20th

1272 Edward I was proclaimed King of England.
1780 Britain declared war on Holland.
1789 New Jersey became the first state to ratify the Bill of Rights.
1943 The Battle of Tarawa-Makin, marking the beginning of the U.S. World War II offensive against Japan in the Central Pacific, began.
1945 24 German leaders went on trial at Nuremberg before the International War Crimes Tribunal.
1947 Princess Elizabeth, the future Queen Elizabeth II of England, married Philip Mountbatten.
1975 Generalissimo Francisco Franco of Spain died.
1982 U.S. President Ronald Reagan announced U.S. Marines would go to Lebanon to assist in the evacuation of PLO fighters.
1986 The World Health Organization announced a coordinated global effort against the disease AIDS.
1991 The United States provided $1.5 billion in food and technical assistance to the Soviet Union, about half of what was requested.
1992 Fire erupted at Windsor Castle, Queen Elizabeth's official residence west of London, causing much damage. The queen and Prince Andrew pitched in to help save priceless artworks and other valuables housed in the castle.
1993 The U.S. Senate approved the North American Free Trade Agreement.
2002 On the eve of the NATO summit, U.S. President George W. Bush called for a "coalition of the willing," to help the United States disarm Iraq if necessary.
2003 27 people were reported killed in Istanbul in two blasts that targeted a U.K. bank and the British consulate. Another 400 were wounded.
2003 Michael Jackson was released on bail after being booked on charges he molested a 12-year-old boy who had visited the pop superstar at his California ranch.
2004 Palestinians began a formal search for a successor to Yasser Arafat. The next president of the Palestinian Authority was to be chosen in a Jan. 9 election.
2005 U.S. Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld ruled out an immediate withdrawal of U.S. forces from Iraq, saying such a move would further endanger the United States.
2005 Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez led a protest of thousands in Caracas against U.S. President George Bush's proposed Free Trade Area of the Americas.
2006 The News Corp. canceled publication of O.J. Simpson's book about the killing of his ex-wife and her friend, "If I Did It, Here's How It Happened," and a subsequent Fox TV special. Fox Chairman Rupert Murdoch called the project "ill-considered."
2007 Pakistan President Pervez Musharraf released 3,400 people jailed under emergency rule but gave no indication as to when martial law would be lifted.
2007 Ian Smith, the former Rhodesian prime minister who led his South African white-minority government through a violence-wracked era until the end of white rule in 1979, died at 88 after a long illness.
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